Human Law is made up of man made laws such as those imposed by the government, e.g. The legal status of homosexuals varies. Homosexuality is illegal in 80 countries, 42 of these outlaw male-to-male sex. Utilitarianism (also called consequentialism) is a moral theory developed and refined in the modern world in the writings of Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) and John Stuart Mill (1806-1873). Cambridge University Press. Defining what humanity is may be (and is likely to be) contrary to my actual nature. If a woman aborts her child to avoid embarrassment or maintain a shapely figure, this is not a reason of unintentional death but a planned one. But then utilitarian ethics can’t apply to justifying sodomy, and that became abundantly clear when AIDS was connected with homosexual sodomy. There is no logical inconsistency in this set of propositions: you are talking about a gene pool with significant variability. Abortion should not be used for family planning or prevent birth defects. Both thought that the moral value of an act was determined by the pleasure it produced. I’m not sure what you mean. This principle is commonly known as achieving the greatest good for the greatest number. However, what you say about “transcending our nature” is very vague and you’re going to have to tell me what you mean, and how we could possibly do this. I’m not sure what you mean. Ask any homosexual who got AIDS. In the United States, 1,370,000 occur annually. Spring 1993. the other issue with natural law is that in practice it is entirely based on what different people already think god’s purpose is rather than trying to learn god’s purpose from studying nature. Prentice Hall College Div; 1 edition (December 22, 1995). However, just off the bat, note that an action can be intrinsically evil if it is directly contrary to our nature (remember, we agree that what is good is what fulfills our nature). You are going to indict every civilization that has ever existed for their condemnation of a clearly unnatural and odious act? Conflicts may arise soon when the children reached the age of reason that perhaps will give way for separation and unhappiness. is our nature the average of all possible characteristics? At some point in time the differences between species are very minute and imperceptible. (1) Why would you say that biology says there is no such thing as a human nature? (Deuteronomy 17:12), A priest’s daughter who loses her honor by committing fornication and thereby dishonors her father also, shall be burned to death. You can get your As stated earlier, their practices allow them to experience various relationships with different partners. I can understand why you don’t want this topic interjected, but I can’t understand where you would place the homosexual act if not in natural law or utilitarian ethics. And please explain how it fits. Yes, march against Babylon, the land of rebels, a land that I will judge! (Reprinted). The reason I bring up the case of homosexuals so often is that when I was a young man I had a debate over several weeks with a woman who opposed to the idea of natural law, just as you are. consider the following bits of what was said in the bible to be part of the law written on our hearts that none of us think we obliged to kill people for: Go up, my warriors, against the land of Merathaim and against the people of Pekod. (2nd Ed.). this is a problem for consequentialists to solve, part of rational inquiry into morals, rather than the end of consequentialism. People with same sex attraction are said to have personality problems and deserve to be treated. Referring to its principle that such action is morally right if it produces the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people, then homosexuality would be acceptable because homosexuals generate a lot of pleasure to a lot of people. Not what I said at all. you can’t ask what ethical systems say about what acts are natural and unnatural since only natural law ethical systems buy into the premise that what is natural is what is good. pleasure is the goal of hedonism. this is the view of morality that sam harris studies in his latest book. Utilitarian ethics considers only the material, and usually in a self-centered sort of way. You are going to indict every civilization that has ever existed for their condemnation of a clearly unnatural and odious act? Get Your Custom Essay the notion of “the greatest happiness for the greatest number” has problems as does maximizing average happiness and many other formulations of what is the correct algebra for happiness. instead, as i see it, those people who are obsessed with homosexuals having anal sex tend to cling to natural law and avoid more reasonable ways of thinking about ethics since natural law ethics is the only somewhat accepted moral view that can find a way to condemn the practice that they are so obsessed with. C) utilitarianism holds that the moral worth of actions or practices is determined by their consequences, whereas rights theories recognize that human beings have fundamental rights and privileges. (2000). Homosexuality: Right or Wrong? this is all nonsense. (Leviticus 20:13), You should not let a sorceress live. Categories serve to organize objects based on their observable shared attributes and properties. Clarendon Law Series. Homosexuals continue their struggle for recognition. Ask any homosexual who got AIDS. Vol. “Let the battle cry be heard in the land, a shout of great destruction”. Utilitarianism and Natural law theories Essay According to a theory of utilitarianism developed by John Stuart Mill, the actions of people are categorized as good or bad based on their consequences on the person and society. But either way we classify it, what I mean is that they are opposed to realism, and do not believe universals are out there so to speak. Both sides have valid arguments that led to legal battles and state legislation. given that the concept of species is what you appear to mean by man’s nature, why exactly should we feel any duty to be true to our current state of biological adaptation to the current state of nature given that the current state of nature is constantly changing as species continuously adapt to compete with other species? the other version of naturalistic ethics goes by the names consequentialism or utilitarianism and probably some others. Don't use plagiarized sources. Answer to Please compare and contrast the difference between Utilitarianism in and the Natural Law Theory. Compare and Contrast Utilitarianism with Christian Ethics The ethical teachings and values of utilitarianism and Christian ethics are similar in some aspects, yet however are diverse in others. Finnis, J. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, Your Deadline is Too Short? Considering these scenarios, different views and laws come into play, for or against: The Natural Law versus the Utilitarian Law. Reproductive freedom is a basic right. Homosexual act by itself is not good and its motivation is for self satisfaction not for the benefit of others. At this time, the fetus has no legal rights. Or are you a strict nominalist and would deny that this is in a different category from this. I’m not sure what you mean. But anyways, if that’s the case, then we’re off to a good start. The first is that what is good is what is fulfilling of our nature (definition). I think you may be referring to transitional species, but that’s really not a problem. *. What is superior to “natural law” morality when compared to utilitarian ethics? First off all, the usual principle is “greatest pleasure for greatest amount of people” not “avoiding the worst possible misery for everyone”. Anyways, I guess we could rephrase the question, “do you not see a difference in kind between this and this?” I’d also note that to deny that humans have natures or essences is to say that they are pure existence, in which case they are God. Among the strongest issue against homosexuals is that they are obsessed with sex, having little self-control or morality. Again, remember, we rest on the axiom that “I ought to do what is good because I desire what is good”, and that we’ve defined good as “what fulfills my nature”. No it isn’t. you are failing to think outside the box here. That if the baby poses a threat to the life or health of the woman, abortion will be the best possible action to take out the threat. most people think that though it may be quite natural for men to be sexually promiscuous it is nevertheless quite wrong. Man has a nature. But then utilitarian ethics can’t apply to justifying sodomy, and that became abundantly clear when AIDS was … Reply With Quote. National Abortion Rights Action League, 1997. The death of the child is not a mean to cure the illness. Moral considerations in abortion include: Is the fetus a person? Issue: 2. Good luck with that strategy! Utilitarianism : For and Against. The Utilitarian, in contrast, uses the principle of Utility that such action is right or moral when it promotes happiness or pleasure, and decreased the unhappiness or pain of individuals affected by the action.

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