by Mark Twain, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Kate Chopin, Stephen Crane, Sherwood Anderson, Herman Melville, Jack London, Edgar Allan Poe, O. Henry, Bret Harte. The Iron Heel content, as well as access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. Fearing the popularity of socialism, the plutocrats of the Iron Heel conspire to eliminate democracy and, with their secret police and military, terrorize the citizenry. It was composed of a coalition of bankers, industrialists, and politicians who seized control of the government by manipulating all … The Iron Heel is a dystopian novel by American writer Jack London, first published in 1908. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Every answer in this quiz is the name of a novelist. Most crucially, though London placed quite accurately the time when international tensions will reach their peak (1913 in "The Iron Heel", 1914 in actual history), he (like many others at the time) predicted that when this moment came, labor solidarity would prevent a war that would include the US, Germany and other nations. He lives in a perfectly Utopian socialistic economy, and it is because of him that we learn of the events that took place seven centuries earlier. The plot rotates around the clash between socialism and capitalism and the rise and fall of an oligarchic capitalistic government called the "Iron Heel," told through the perspective of Avis Everhard—a revolutionary hero’s wife. Updates? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). All of them are lifted from Jack London’s 1908 novel The Iron Heel, and more than a century on, its contents feel alarmingly contemporary. This detailed literature summary also contains Topics for Discussion and a Free Quiz on The Iron Heel by Jack London. Corrections? This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/The-Iron-Heel. In London’s book, the character Avis writes, “The great driving force of the oligarchs is the belief that they are doing right. How many do you know? They instigate a German attack on Hawaii on Dec. 4, 1912; as … What are the working class conditions like? Elements of London’s vision of fascism, civil war, and governmental oppression proved to be prophetic in the first half of the 20th century. Nicknamed 'The Iron Heel' by the Ernest Everhard, the Oligarchy referred to the large capitalists or the trusts who monopolized the society. The Iron Heel is a 1908 fictional, dystopian, and sociological novel written by Jack London. It is considered to be the mother of all dystopian novels and inspired many monumental political and socioeconomic literary works such as 1984 by George Orwell. The time and setting are interesting elements of The Iron Heel. The text is an analysis of the recently-discovered "Everhard Manuscript," a lost chronicle of the tumultuous years between 1912 and 1932, when the so-called "Iron Heel" was first consolidating its power. Written in the early years of the twentieth century, The Iron Heel takes certain circumstances of the time, anchored in the tension between socialism and capitalism, and posits a two tiered future - a more immediate future of socialist revolution, and a centuries-distant, near-Utopian future in which that revolution … ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Already a member? London is best known for his man-against-nature novels like The Call of the Wild and White Fang, so The Iron Heel is often considered a departure from his usual output.

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