Ideas and the Objects of Ideas 4. ISBN 1-4000-6171-7 1. There is a good bit of material here on the difference between statements of fact and value, and the place of conditional arguments, as well as useful reflections on the quality and quantity of the premise. Part Two explains the foundational truths that govern logical thinking, while Part Three focuses on argument—the public expression of logical thinking. “If a given fact is an actually existing thing to which we have access, … Be Attentive 2. Skepticism 2. Effective Communication 8. Finally, Part Five concentrates on the particulars of illogical thinking— the fallacies. Negative Statements 6. how it differs from other forms of intellectual discourse, and how it embodies the elements of logic. Published in the United States by Random House, an imprint of The Random House Publishing Group, a division of Random House, Inc., New York, and simultaneously in Canada by Random House of Canada Limited, Toronto. A final word, of admiration and appreciation, for a sparkling little book called The Elements of Style, by William Strunk, Jr., and E. B. Match Words to Ideas 7. McInerny teases out the subtleties and complexities of premises and conclusions, differentiates statements of fact from statements of value, and discusses the principles and uses of every major type of argument, from the syllogistic to the conditional. Syllogistic A rgument / / . BEING LOGICAL Being Logical A GUIDE to GOOD T H I N K I N G D. Q. Mclnerny RANDOM H O U S E i^MMl NEW YORK Copyright © 2004 by D. Q. Mclnerny All rights reserved under International and Pan-American Copyright Conventions. This book is intended to introduce readers to the rudiments of the science as well as to the basic skills associated with the art. I do, in fact, place a good deal of stress on the obvious in this book, and that is quite deliberate. Being able to pull an argument apart, to understand the concept of a syllogism and the flow of logic, along with the various logical fallacies, adds greatly to your ability to … 7^£ Relevancy of Premises / J . This review is a little off the beaten path for most engineering blogs, perhaps — but I consider logic to be one of those “must have skills” for engineers. My earnest wish is that this book may succeed in convincing its readers of the intrinsic importance of logic—and that it engender in them an appreciation for the priceless satisfaction which inevitably accompanies the happy state of being logical. P1-C02-1 Sound Argument 9. 3. Being logical: a guide to good thinking / D. Q. Mclnerny. Define Your Terms 7. found bearing on our lives. Written explicitly for the layperson. Pages 159 In Parts Two and Three, the heart of the book, we pass into the realm of logic proper. Vincent Ryan, Reasonin A Constructive Approach to Critical Thinkin Logic. First is the terse presentation; while examples are provided, a lot of information is provided in a very compact form. Professor D. I Q. Mclnerny offers an indispensable guide to using logic to advantage in everyday life. All rights reserved. Copyright © 2020 SILO.PUB. iv. They Get the Facts Straight. Avoid Evasive Language 10. Page i In logic, as in life, it is the obvious that most often bears emphasizing, because it so easily escapes our notice. Generalizing 33 35 37 41 42 PART T H R E E — A R G U M E N T : T H E LANGUAGE OF LOGIC 45 /. Be the first to receive exclusive offers and the latest news on our products and services directly in your inbox. A dumbed-down logic is not logic at all. Some readers, especially if this book represents their first serious encounter with logic, might react skittishly to what appears to be an overly technical vocabulary, or to the 1X X Preface symbolic notation that logic makes frequent use of. Conditional Argument / 0. Our partners will collect data and use cookies for ad personalization and measurement. We all know people who are very bright but who do not always shine when it comes to being logical. McInerny's Being Logical promises to take its place beside Strunk and White's The Elements ofstyle as a classic of ' lucid, invaluable advice. Other readers might be put off by what they perceive to be an emphasis upon the obvious. Accordingly, McInerny structures his book as a series of brief chapters that build on one another to form a coherent introduction to dear and effective reasoning. Logic, taken as a whole, is a wide, deep, and wonderfully varied field, and I would be pleased if my readers, as a result of their encounter with this little book, were moved to become more familiar with it. — D R . I have made a concerted effort to present whatever technical matters I deal with here (which in any event are not all that trying) in as simple and uncomplicated a way as possible. Good Reasoning Matters! A mastery of logic begins with an understanding of right reasoning-and encompasses a grasp of the kinship between logical thought and logical expression, a knowledge of the basic terms of argument, and a familiarity with the pitfalls of illogical thinking. p. cm. They have the ability to think logically—that is, clearly and effectively— but that ability does not habitually manifest itself. Constructing an Argument 47 49 50 51 52 55 58 59 63 67 70 70 72 73 11 79 81 84 86 PART F O U R — T H E SOURCES OF ILLOGICAL THINKING 1. Preface xi In the hope of better serving the practical ends of the book, I have adopted a somewhat informal style, often addressing the reader directly, and, in the manner of a tutor or coach, sometimes assuming a distinctively directive tone. If I have belabored certain points, and regularly opted for the explicit over the implicit, it is because I adhere to the time-honored pedagogic principle that it is always safest to assume as little as possible. This section contains a few helpful diagrams that illustrate the layout of logical arguments, as well. Match Ideas to Facts 6. The second part covers the basic principles of logic, including the concept of tracing an effect back through a cause, and the various ways in which we fail in this simple task. The Categorical Statement 8. Title. I treat logic in five stages, represented by the five parts of the book, each successive stage building upon the one that preceded it. Distinguish Among Causes 6. In this concise, crisply readable book. Founding an Argument 2. This page intentionally left blank There's an Explanation for Everything, Eventually X111 23 25 30 32 X 1 V Contents 4. Comparison and Argument 8. Being Logical comes as close to fulfilling my desire for such a book as any I’ve encountered in my search. Logical thinking is a crucial point of engineering and thinking like an engineer. Year 2006. In addition, he provides an incisive look at illogical thinking and explains how to recognize and avoid the most common errors of logic. Learn how we and our ad partner Google, collect and use data. Much of the modern progressive/post-modern project is based on overturning the correspondence theory of truth. To my mind, logic is the missing piece of the American educational system, the subject that informs every other subject from English to history to science and math. Indeed, logic goes to the very core of what we mean by human intelligence. First Principles 2. Being Logical seeks to produce practitioners, not theoreticians—people for whom knowing the principles of logic is in the service of being logical. Evasive Agnosticism J. Cynicism and Naive Optimism. A C, A T H EORY OF V IRT U E 7 ^ 7r»M of Premises / 2 . Review: Being Logical (Logical Thinking) Being Logical. A Theory of Virtue Excellence in Being for the Good ROB E, w HETHER REGARDED AS A SCIENCE, A N ART, or a skill-and it can properly be regarded as all three-logic is the basis of our ability to think, analyze.

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