Determining Square Footage: Before you get started installing any hardwood or laminate flooring, you’ll first want to measure the room you’re going to be installing the flooring into and then checking the flooring you’re going to install to see what the square footage coverage is per box. I recommend you purchase 10-15% more flooring … The ends do not click-lock. Arrange them in the way you’ll install them. Nailing works best with thin wood flooring. Use of this site is subject to certain Terms Of Use. If it will be less than an inch, cut the width of the first row in half. Install the baseboard and shoe moulding to cover the expansion gap. ", Step 6: Flooring cases tend to be uniform in color and, if you don’t rack them, you will create noticeable light and dark areas in the floor. While laminate flooring has come a long way as far as durability and appearance are concerned, it’s not solid wood and isn’t installed in the same manner. For example, solid hardwood flooring is typically nailed down during installation while tongue and groove engineered flooring is usually clicked together or completely glued down. Most engineered flooring can be installed using staples, full spread adhesive or a floating method over an approved subfloor. Remember to leave the ¾-inch expansion gap. Continue with this method, moving down the row until you reach the side wall. Stagger the ends of the boards in adjoining rows by 6 inches and rack additional cases as you go. We use cookies and other tracking technologies to improve your browsing experience on our site, show personalized content and targeted ads, analyze site traffic, and understand where our audiences come from. Now, blind nail at a 45-degree angle along the tongue edge at every floor joist down the length of the row. Fill any noticeable holes with wood filler as needed. If you’re not using a flooring nailer, drill 1/32-inch diameter holes 1/2-inch from the grooved edge to prevent splitting. By choosing I Accept, you consent to our use of cookies and other tracking technologies. Continue down the row, remembering to stagger the joints by at least 6 inches. Once the hardwood is installed, the nails are hardly visible. Follow these instructions on the installation of wood floors. 19 Ways to Cut Costs on Your House Remodel, How to Clean Hardwood Floors Without Damaging Them, Carpet Selection: Durability, Weight, Style, Refinishing Wood Floors: Screening, Sanding, and Finishes. To learn more or opt-out, read our Cookie Policy. Work your way across the room, row by row, power-nailing the boards through the tongue. Use 1/2-inch spacers to assist in maintaining the expansion gap between the first row of flooring planks and the wall. Carpentry projects call for a unique set of tools that can help woodworkers make intricate cuts, carve special patterns, and ensure the quality of their design. Now, it's time to install the second and remaining rows. Glue-Down Install Method Glue-down, or adhesive, installation is a popular option for engineered flooring. You will probably have to cut the width of the boards in the last row to fit. Hardwood flooring is durable and available in engineered and solid options, as well as a variety of colors. Make sure the tongue is snugly and securely engaged in the groove by exerting a constant pressure in the direction of the groove. Most manufacturers recommend a standard cutting/ordering allowance of 5 percent, and a culling allowance up to an additional 10 percent if installed on a diagonal surface. Go from subfloor to breathtaking in as little as a day. Now that you know all the install methods, you can choose the types of hardwood floor that best fit your preferred method. Estimate your hardwood flooring cost with our Hardwood Flooring Cost Guide. All other rows will be nailed through the tongue. Now, you'll need to figure out how to lay hardwood floors for your room size and shape. A gnat infestation is a common occurrence for many homeowners. Measure the length and width of the room and multiply them together. For engineered hardwood flooring, match the ends and push into place. Here's how to install click-lock hardwood flooring: With the right tools and preparation, learning how to install hardwood flooring can be easy, and the process can be done quickly. Spread just enough adhesive to work on a few rows at a time so the glue doesn’t dry. Follow this guide for installing hardwood floors in your home. To learn how to do this, watch Prepping Plywood Subfloors. Choose Your Install Method Install hardwood floors perpendicular to the floor joists, parallel to the longest wall, leaving a ¾-inch expansion gap around the perimeter. Put a 3/4-inch spacer against the adjoining wall and slide the end of the board against it. Align the first board with the layout line, with the tongue facing into the room. ", Step 4: Hold the plank with the tongue facing the previous row. Begin by spreading the boards from several cases across the room. Nail-down installation of solid wood is chosen by many homeowners because of its permanence. Face-nail to hold the boards in place. At each end of the starting wall, measure out the width of a floorboard, plus 1/2-inch for the expansion gap between the flooring and the wall, and make a mark. Hardwood flooring can also be repaired and refinished unlike other flooring types. Lay out the boards in the order you will install them. The three most popular wood choices include oak, walnut, and hickory, although maple and cherry are sought after as well. (Cases tend to be all the same shade.) However, you can also use the longest, straightest wall as your guide. Maintain a straight edge along the row. Continue installing the rest of the boards, remembering to stagger the joints, maintain the expansion gaps, and mix boards from different boxes. Make sure you have a sturdy subfloor: 3/4-inch CDX plywood is preferred and 3/4-inch OSB is acceptable. To determine the amount of flooring you’ll need, multiply the length times the width of the room to get the square footage, then add 10 percent for waste and damaged boards. Install the rest of the floor as you normally would, fitting the pieces into the frame as you go. Install the baseboard and shoe moulding to cover the expansion gap. Cut the last row to width, leaving a 3/4-inch expansion gap. Nail-Down Install Method Be sure to use work gloves and knee pads to make installation safer and more comfortable. Yes, it's a messy job. Countersink all the nails. This guide will teach you how to install hardwood flooring on your own, so you can make an affordable and attractive update to your home. Drill additional pilot holes through the tongue at a 45-degree angle, spaced as directed by the manufacturer. Join the ends of the boards over a floor joist, where possible, avoiding joints that form an H. Keep joints that line up at least two rows apart. Before starting, calculate the width the last row will be. Drive flooring nails through the pre-drilled holes. When learning how to install hardwood floors, it’s important to understand the three basic types of installation: nail-down, glue-down and click-lock. One of the most popular choices for DIYers, installing click-lock floors, or a floating floor, is quick and easy. Keep it at about 30-degree angle. When adding the second row, fit the groove onto the first row’s tongue and gently tap it into place using your rubber mallet.

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