13. This page has been accessed 607,401 times. The height is read and recorded. . Growth is the progressive increase in the size of a child or parts of a child. A midwife must make sure that bleeding from the placental site is as little as possible, and she must prevent postpartum haemorrhage. The successive weights are plotted on the growth chart of the child health card. Eruption of permanent teeth starts at about 6 years of age. A child who is malnourished cannot grow properly, cannot resist diseases, and is in danger of getting killer diseases. Security Figure 5.5: Upward growth curve indicating good growth. Does the baby move? All references to such names or trademarks not owned by NRSNG, LLC or TazKai, LLC are solely for identification purposes and not an indication of affiliation. Care is taken not to pull the tape or string too tightly. Unlike most other organs in the body, the brain is not fully developed at birth. You will recall that Unit 1 we covered history taking of children in detail. Presentation is the part of the baby which is at the lower end of the uterus and will be born first. The genetic factors determine the potential and limitations of growth and development. What’s beyond them? In the previous unit, you learnt about the common health problems of the new born. At what age do children begin having teeth? Sometimes this can make getting a good understanding of what happened or what hurts a little difficult, but if you ask them really direct questions they can usually give you helpful information about how they are feeling. In the second year, the average height growth is about 12 cm. Specific to general development b. Proximodistal development c. Cephalocaudal development d. The interpretation is done by watching the direction of the child’s growth pattern. Now check if your list compares with the one below. It should take you less than 5 minutes. Creative play: Painting, paper cutting, sewing, using crayons, threading beads and shells, clay modelling, and building with bricks or blocks of wood are all activities that help children to use their hands and eyes together to make things which were not there before. Continuous normal growth and development indicate a good state of health and nutrition of a child. Recognition Through imitating the sound, the child acquires speech. Development is progressive acquisition of various skills (abilities) such as head support, speaking, learning, expressing the feelings and relating with other people. You should advise a mother to continue breastfeeding on the breast that does not have a problem. The average duration of labour is 18 hours. Caring for a child requires a different approach to care and prioritization. One thing we do add to the picture now though is the kid having a slightly wider social experience. The baby is exclusively breastfed within the first hour of delivery. DISTANCE EDUCATION PROGRAMME, Student Number: _________________________________, Name: __________________________________________, Address_________________________________________, ________________________________________________, CHILD HEALTH COURSE (See Unit 9 for more details). 5.6 means DANGER! We break down the diseases into different body systems to help provide clarity and make them easier to understand. Help them to understand and recognise that there are certain problems that they cannot deal with alone. Some maternal illnesses, for example, AIDS and tuberculosis, are transmitted to the baby and manifest after birth. 5.8 is an illustration of the growth curve of another child called Juma. Although the agricultural share and employment usually decline as an economy grows, it is not a sunset industry. Now let us discuss the common problems that can arise for a newly delivered mother. All normal children like to play. Grimace (response to stimuli). Improving the baby's sucking position on the breast with the cracked nipple is sometimes enough to stop the pain and allow the baby to continue sucking. Acceptance as an individual: A nurse assessing a four-year-old’s language development knows to be concerned by which one of the following assessment findings? When delivering the baby, a midwife should handle the baby gently to prevent injury to the baby and tearing of the mothers perineum. Activity (muscle tone). List three causes of obstructed labour: 12. Outline 4 factors that promote development of a child. In this unit, you will learn about child growth and development, factors that influence growth and development and what can be done to promote optimum growth and development. Some illnesses, for example, hypertension and diabetes cause complications during pregnancy and may damage the baby. 5.2 Measuring the head circumference. 5 Steps to Writing a (kick ass) Nursing Care Plan, Dear Other Guys, Stop Scamming Nursing Students, The S.O.C.K. Pay special attention to the following: Feel the top of the uterus with the left hand to enable you determine the size of the uterus (fundal height) by measuring from the symphysis pubis to the top of the uterus. ____________________________________________________________.

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